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In the case of the instigator to communal apostasy ("maddiaḥ") the law reads (Deut. 13:5), "He hath spoken . . . to thrust thee out of the way of the Lord," and in that of the enticer of individuals ("mesit") the identical expression is used: "He hath sought to thrust thee away from the Lord" (Deut. 13:10); hence, by Gezerah shawah, as in the latter case stoning is the penalty, so it is in the former.
- Wilhelm Bacher and Lewis N. Dembitz, Capital Punishment,  Jewish Encyclopedia (1901), at http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=128&letter=C.