For theft and property damage, full restitution or compensation is the standard of punishment (e.g. Exo. 21:22; Lev. 24:21). An insolvent debtor would not be thrown into prison (a punishment extraneous to biblical law), for that serves no dictate of justice; instead the man would be allowed to work off his debt.
Greg Bahnsen, Theonomy in Christian Ethics, 439 (1977 ).